Why Too Little Thyroid Hormone?
The first thing we need to do is get to the right of the question: why do we have too little thyroid hormone to begin with, and why is that happening?
This really starts by talking about the main mechanisms by which thyroid disease operates.
In general, what we know is that the thyroid can have damage to its cells, it can be slowed down, and the immune system can go after the thyroid protein.
The main thing driving this comes down to a little too much iodine, in those who cannot tolerate it. The basic idea is that iodine can be a pretty dangerous chemical in the body.
But, we also need some. In fact, it’s incredibly important in the right amounts. That said, some people cannot tolerate a little bit extra (which can cause big problems).
When you have a little extra iodine, it can get stuck in the wrong parts of thyroglobulin (the protein that ends up making thyroid hormone).
These extra amounts can cause some of the following to occur:
- The release of free radicals
- Damage to the adjoining cells
- Pulling in the immune system
At that point, the immune system starts to attack thyroglobulin, antithyroperoxidase, all while iodine is slowing down the thyroid more generally. This is the cluster of issues that ends up becoming a huge problem for so many people. All because of a little extra iodine!
Even A Little Iodine Is A Lot
What we have found out is that the biggest driver for initiating thyroid disease is extra iodine, and that is perpetuated by even normal amounts of iodine in your system.
In fact, it really doesn’t take a whopping amount of iodine every day. It takes a little more than you can tolerate at one point in time. Then, even normal amounts can be too much.
That said, this doesn’t necessarily mean that the gland is damaged, it’s more that the situation has not been rectified. Less iodine can be the ideal place to start.